Fungus is an unpleasant disease that people are often ashamed of, as it causes rather unpleasant symptoms. Unfortunately, fungus on skin is rather spread disease and a lot of people experience it. It develops because our skin, hair and nails produce keratin, a fibrous protein required for fungus existence. There are several types of this infection, that affect different parts of skin. These types are:
- Tinea Cruris, or jock itch, develops in the area around the groin and anus. It is spread in people that do sports and young males, but females may also be infected;
- Tinea Corporis develops on the trunk or extremities. It is also known as ringworm of the body, although it has nothing in common with parasitic worm, but just spreads in ring-shaped way;
- Tinea Versicolor is a fungi infection that affects the chest, the upper back, and sometimes the neck;
- Candida may develop in the moist areas of human body: in the digestive tract, in the mouth, in the stomach or in vagina, in the armpits, between the toes, under women’s breasts;
- The most common type is Tinea Pedis, also known as athlete’s foot; it affects toes, toenails and feet;
- Cradle Cap is usually found on the scalps of babies.
It is not the full list of fungus infection; fungal infections on other parts of the skin, like bum or face, are less common but still may occur.
All these types are characterized by almost common symptoms. They develop with red patches and rash and are characterizes by itching, reddish or brownish points and scaly and flaky skin. Vaginal fungus causes itchiness and a white discharge. Fungus on scalp look like dandruff and the hair at infected areas may come out.
Causes and transmission
Skin fungus is a contagious infection, and it may be spread from human to human, and from animals or objects like clothes and other items. The most favorable condition for its development is warm and moisture environment. Fungal infection may affect sever parts of the body at the same time, and it is more likely to develop if a person:
- has suppressed immune system;
- suffers from obesity;
- suffers from diabetes;
- is pregnant;
- walks barefoot in public places like saunas, showers and swimming-pools;
- doesn’t dry the skin properly after sweating or bathing;
- doesn’t practice personal hygiene.
Diagnosis and treatment of skin fungus
Fungus is diagnosed with visual examination, but samples are also taken to define the type of infection and confirm the diagnosis.
Fungus on skin is treated with topical creams, that contain anti-fugals, like allylamines or azoles. Oral medications, such as ketoconazole, itraconazole or fluconazole, are also applied.
Although most of these medicines are available over-the-counter, it’s better to consult the doctor before starting the treatment in order to choose the best medicines for the certain type of infection.
Below are several recommendations that would improve recovery process:
- do not use scented or antibacterial soaps;
- wear cotton clothes;
- do not wear too tight clothes.
Fungus treatment is a long process that may take several months. Moreover, applying medicines should be continued within 2-3 weeks after recovery. You may increase the chance of not being infected by keeping the following prevention measures:
- practice personal hygiene;
- do not share your clothes or footwear;
- do not contact with infected people or animals;
- avoid walking barefoot in public places;
- wash your clothes and bed linen regularly.
These articles can be used for informational purposes only. To get an accurate diagnosis consult your doctor!
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