Archive for the ‘ Articles ’ Category

Actinic cheilitis as a potentially life-threatening condition

Sunday, March 31, 2013 posted by admin 8:36 pm

cheilitis

Cheilitis is a medical condition causing inflammation of the lip. In cheilitis lips usually appear dry, scaly, and sensitive. Small cracks, redness and swelling may occur. There are several types of lip inflammation that may be caused by many conditions, including:

- Iron deficiency anemia
- Megaloblastic anemia (caused by Vitamin B12 deficiency)
- Oral candidiasis (a condition causing creamy whitish lesions on the longue and inner cheeks)
- Allergy
- Taking retinoids, high doses of vitamin A, chemotherapeutic agents, lithium, and some other medications
- High fever or dehydration
- Environmental conditions (such as cold weather) Readmore…

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Category : Articles

Scarlet fever symptoms and treatment

Monday, February 18, 2013 posted by admin 8:18 am

Scarlet fever is an infectious bacterial disease most commonly affecting children of 4-12 years of age. As the children grow older, they usually acquire protective antibodies which prevent the illness.

Also known as scarlatina, scarlet fever causes fever and a scarlet rash. Although the condition was once considered a life-threatening disease, nowadays it is effectively treated with antibiotics. Readmore…

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Purulent meningitis as a type of brain inflammation

Monday, January 21, 2013 posted by admin 1:09 pm

Meninges are the three membranes lining the skull and spinal cord, namely dura mater, pia mater, and arachnoid. A medical condition characterized by meninges inflammation is known as meningitis. This disease has a set of distinctive symptoms which may vary depending on its cause.

Meningitis is a life-threatening disease, which is considered a medical emergency. Readmore…

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Causes and symptoms of strep throat in adults and children

Wednesday, December 19, 2012 posted by admin 7:59 am

Strep throat is a colloquial name for streptococcal pharyngitis, or inflammation of the pharynx. The pharynx is a cavity behind the nose and mouth, which connects them to the esophagus.

Streptococcal infection primary affects the tonsils and sometimes the larynx. Tonsils are two lymphoid tissues in the throat located on each side of the root of the tongue, and larynx is a hollow muscular organ which forms an air passage to the lungs and holds the vocal cords.

Strep throat is a widespread disease and is common cause of sore throat in children. Readmore…

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Category : Articles

Symptoms and treatment of toxoplasmosis during pregnancy

Saturday, November 17, 2012 posted by admin 9:26 pm

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by toxoplasmas, which is usually transmitted through eating contaminated food and contact with cat’s feces or soil. The disease is known to be especially dangerous in unborn children.

Causes of toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasma is a parasitic spore-forming protozoan and toxoplasmosis is caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii.
toxoplasma gondii Readmore…

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Causes, symptoms and treatment of gout

Saturday, November 10, 2012 posted by admin 9:21 pm

Gout is a kind of arthritis which occurs due to defective metabolism of uric acid and most often affects the small bones of the feet. Gout of the big toe (metatarsal-phalangeal joint) is also known as podagra and accounts for about half of cases. The disease may also affect other joints, including fingers, knees, and heels.
gout finger
Gout has been known since ancient times and it was referred to as “rich man’s disease” or “the disease of kings”. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was the first to describe uric acid crystals in the XVII century. And later, in 1848, Alfred Baring Garrod discovered that uric acid crystals were the cause of gout. Readmore…

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Category : Articles

Candidiasis symptoms and treatment

Sunday, November 4, 2012 posted by admin 6:24 pm

Candidiasis is a common fungal or yeast infection caused by any fungus of Candida species. The alternative names of the disease include moniliasis and oidiomycosis. Readmore…

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Diphtheria symptoms, causes and treatment

Sunday, October 28, 2012 posted by admin 5:15 pm

Diphtheria is an acute bacterial disease affecting the upper respiratory tract. It is a potentially fatal condition, which onsets have been reported throughout the world, but now the incidence is rare because of immunization.

Diphtheria was named by French physician Pierre Bretonneau in 1826 and its name derives from Greek word meaning “leather”, referred to the pseudomembrane forming in the throat of infected people. Readmore…

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Lichen planus causes and symptoms

Sunday, October 21, 2012 posted by admin 8:00 pm

Lichen planus (LP) is a mucocutaneous disease that forms papules, lesions, or rash on the skin or oral mucosa. The disease got its name due to lichen-like appearance of the lesion, although it is not connected with lichens. Readmore…

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Tularemia: symptoms and causes

Sunday, October 14, 2012 posted by admin 6:36 pm

Tularemia is a severe bacterial disease affecting the skin, lymph nodes, eyes, lungs and sometimes other internal organs and characterized by ulcers at the site of infection.

There are several alternative names for the disease, among which are rabbit fever (as the infection is most virulent in humans and rabbits), Pahvant Valley plague, deer fly fever (deer flies are primary vectors of the bacterium), and Ohara’s fever. Readmore…

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Category : Articles